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Το "Γκελάντο" διαφέρει από το συνηθισμένο κόκκινο κρασί, διότι για να παρασκευαστεί ένα λίτρο του χρειάζονται 5 κιλά Αγιωργήτικου σταφυλιού.


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High altitude problems©


Dr Dimitrios Gelis, MD, DDS, PhD, Otorhinolaryngologist

Damaskinou 45, Korinthos 20100, Greece, tel.00302741026631

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SPECIAL INTEREST: Medical nutrition, Supplementary Medicine, Preventive Oncology and Medicine, Vitamin D, Medical aspects of Red wine

High altitude problems (>2,500 m) can be  hypobaric hypoxia, acute mountain sickness(AMS), high altitude cerebral edema (HACE), pulmonary edema(HAPE)  [1]

Capillary leakage in the brain (AMS/HACE) or lungs (HAPE) accounts for these syndromes. [4]. Additionally to the above syndromes, insomnia, tiredness, lethargy, lack of appetite, body pain, dementia, and depression may occur when a person or a soldier residing in a lower altitude ascends to high-altitude areas [1]. 

These problems arise due to low atmospheric pressure, severe cold, high intensity of solar radiation, high wind velocity, and very high fluctuation of day and night temperatures in these regions. These problems may escalate rapidly and may sometimes become life-threatening [1]. 

Thousands of travelers in the Himalayas are exposed annually to these often life-threatening syndromes [2]. 

Shilajit is a herbomineral drug which is pale-brown to blackish-brown, is composed of a gummy exudate that oozes from the rocks of the Himalayas in the summer months. It contains humus, organic plant materials, and fulvic acid as the main carrier molecules. Strong correlation was found between the complement-fixing activity and carboxylic group content in the Shilajit fractions and other fulvic acid  sources [3] .

It actively takes part in the transportation of nutrients into deep tissues and helps to overcome tiredness, lethargy, and chronic fatigue. Shilajit improves the ability to handle high altitudinal stresses and stimulates the immune system. Thus, Shilajit can be given as a supplement to people ascending to high-altitude areas so that it can act as a "health rejuvenator" and help to overcome high-altitude related problems. 


1. Meena H, Pandey HK, Arya MC, Ahmed Z. Shilajit: A panacea for high-altitude problems. Int J Ayurveda Res. 2010 Jan;1(1):37-40.

2. Basnyat B, Cumbo TA, Edelman R. Acute medical problems in the Himalayas outside the setting of altitude sickness.High Alt Med Biol. 2000 Fall;1(3):167-74. 

3. Schepetkin IA, Xie G, Jutila MA, Quinn MT. Complement-fixing activity of fulvic acid from Shilajit and other natural sources. Phytother Res. 2009 Mar;23(3):373-84. 

4. Gallagher SA, Hackett PH. High-altitude illness. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2004 May;22(2):329-55, viii.

CopyrightGkelanto. Dictionary of Health and wellness, Dr Dimitrios N. Gelis, MD, PhD, DDS, Otorhinolaryngologist, Korinthos, Greece, 2010, 2011, 2012

Last Updated (Friday, 16 August 2013 21:57)